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              首页>SAT>sat写作>SAT考试中的高频形近词

              SAT考试中的高频形近词

              来源:新航道 浏览:0 发布日期:2016-03-23 11:25

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              提到背单词,很多小伙伴都想说,其实内心我是拒绝的,表示对单词这群小恶魔真是毫无办法,对形近词更是觉得一头雾水累觉不爱。在新SAT考试语法部分,考察形近词的题型一直是童鞋们冲击满分道路上的拦路虎,原因是这些词拼写或者发音非常像,但意思却截然不同,如果不知两个单词之间的区别就极易做错。为帮助童鞋们提高正确率和备考效率,老师想和大家分享我觉得新SAT语法中可能让童鞋们傻傻分不清的形近词。

               

              以下是SAT曾经出现过的高频12组形近词:

              1

              Auditory

              adj. 听觉的,听觉器官的

              Audible

              adj. 能听见的

              2

              collaborate

              v. 合作

              corroborate

              v. 证实,支持

              3

              desirous

              adj. 渴望得到某物的(人)

              desirable

              adj. 值得拥有的(物)

              4

              exhaustive

              adj. 详尽的,彻底的

              exhausted

              adj. 精疲力竭的

              5

              imminent

              adj. 即将发生的

              eminent

              adj. 显赫的,杰出的

              6

              insure

              v. 投保险

              ensure

              v. 确定,保证

              7

              indecisive

              adj. 不明确的,无判断力的

              indefinite

              adj. 无限期的

              8

              opposite

              adj. (地理位置上)相反的

              opposed

              adj. (抽象概念上)相反的

              9

              proceed

              v. 前进

              precede

              v. 在…之前

              10

              prospective

              adj. 可能的,预期的

              perspective

              n. 看法,观点

              11

              raise

              v. 举起(别的某物)

              rise

              v. (某物自己)上升

              12

              repel

              v. 击退,排斥

              Propel

              v. 推动,驱使

              在老SAT??嫉母咂狄谆齑实幕∩?,老师根据新SAT的题目,给小伙伴们汇总了新SAT??嫉囊谆齑?。饱受易混词摧残的宝宝们,接纯干货啦。

               

              Definition

              Correct usage

              Accept vs. Except

              Accept- to receive or take as payment

              Except-with the exclusion of

              We accept credit cards for purchases except those under five dollars

              Affect vs. effect

              Affect (verb)-to influence or change

              Affect (noun)-emotion or feeling

              Effect (verb)- to cause a change; the object is the change

              The rain did not affect our crop yield. This was not the expected effect.

              Bill sought to effect changes in environmental policy.

              Laura claimed indifference, but displayed an excited affect.

              Allude vs. elude

              Allude-reference something indirectly

              Elude-to escape

              In The Aeneid, Vergil alludes to events in Roman history. In it, Aeneas eludes the Cyclopes.

              Complement vs. compliment

              Complement-to complete, make perfect

              Compliment-to give praise

              The red sash complements the rest of my outfit. I got many compliments on it today.

              Counsel vs. council

              Counsel (verb)-to complete, make perfect

              Counsel (noun)-advice

              Council-an assembly or meeting

              The council meets everyday. Their job is to counsel the king on matters of the State.

              Elicit vs. illicit

              Elicit-to bring out

              Illicit-not allowed by law

              We elicited a confession quickly. He was very open about his illicit behavior.

              Emigrate vs. immigrate

              Emigrate-to leave and mover to another place

              Immigrate-to come to a country to live there

              Programs are available for skilled workers to emigrate from Asia. Many have thus immigrated to the U.S.

              Eminent vs. imminent

              Eminent-standing out, prominent

              Imminent-about to take place

              Dark, eminent clouds filled the sky. A storm was imminent.

              Gracious vs. gratuitous

              Gracious-pleasantly kind, prominent

              Gratuitous-without reason or payment

              Molly was a gracious host at the party, even when a guest began yelling gratuitous insults.

              Infirmary vs. infirmity

              Infirmary-a place for care of the sick

              Infirmity-disability or weakness

              The infirmities she was suffering from only increased as she aged in the infirmary.

              Lose vs. loose

              Lose-become unable to find, misplace

              Loose-free, not bound together

              I will lose my keys if they are tied on with a loose knot.

              Precede vs. proceed

              Precede-to come before

              Proceed-to move forward

              A loud noise preceded the fireworks. The officers told us to proceed with caution.

              Principle vs. principal

              Principle-a rule or fact

              Principal (noun)-chief official

              Principal (adjective)-most important

              Always use the principle: “Ask before taking.” This is the principal way we keep track of items.

              Reluctant vs. reticent

              Reluctant- feeling hesitation

              Reticent-reserved, silent

              A reticent person, Jonah was reluctant to speak in public.

              Respectful vs. respective

              Respectful-showing respect or admiration for

              Respective-relating separately

              The guests were respectful of the rules she had set. They stayed at their respective tables.

              Than vs. then

              Than-a conjunction used to compare

              Then-next or soon after

              I told her I liked peas more than candy. Then she really thought I was lying!

              Too vs. to

              Too- in addition, also, or excessively

              To-a preposition used to show direction towards a point

              Please drive to the market this afternoon. Make sure you bring the coupons, too: you don’t want to spend too much.

              Weather vs. whether

              Weather-temperature and conditions

              Whether-which of the two

              I cannot decide whether to go to the park or the gym. I suppose it depends on the weather.

              Its vs. It’s

              Its is the possessive form of “it.”

              It’s means “it is.”

              It’s hard to tell when the baby will start crying. Its arched brows make it always appear upset.

              Their vs. They’re

              Their is the possessive form of “they.” They’re means “they are.”

              The team practiced all year, and their hard work paid off. They’re going to the championship.

              Whose vs. who’s

              Whose is the possessive form of “they.” They’re means “they are.”

              Who’s going to the store with me? Judy is. Now whose car should we take?

              Your vs. You’re

              Your is the possessive form of “you.” You’re means “you are”

              You’re too talented to give up acting. Plus, your voice is incredible.

              以上就是全文内容,请各位同学可以在不断的学习中,不断丰富这个列表,形成属于自己的一套单词表,这才是区分易混词的王道。希望对考生们有所帮助!

               

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