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              雅思听力场景词汇

              来源:新航道 浏览:0 发布日期:2014-11-04 15:34

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                对各种生活场景的考察是雅思听力重要的考试内容,各式各样的场景考察对于考生来讲是个不小的考验,这主要还是因为大家对于这些场景不够熟悉,如果大家在雅思备考过程中对雅思听力场景词汇多加了解,就不会觉得听力有多难了。下面是新航道英语给大家提供的雅思听力场景词汇,希望对大家雅思英语词汇的掌握有所帮助。

                一、 雅思听力场景词汇 social events (section 2)

                雅思听力section 2 中经?;峥嫉揭恍┥缁崾录?,比如说会议、展览、节日等。参加这些社会活动就需要通过网站、单页、通知版、广告等来了解活动的信息、日程安排、主题等详细信息。一些大型会议和活动学生是可以选择参加的,而且还提供住宿和餐饮,一切都只需要在注册的时候声明并且缴纳相应的费用即可。

                Events: Convention, exhibition, conference, festival, exposition

                Examples: Australian retailers’ convention, art exhibition, business conference, summer music festival, drama festival, travel exposition, world expo, cartoon exhibition, flower exhibition, auto show

                Publicity: website/internet, leaflets, flyers, notice board, posters, advertisements, good for a family, children, adult, senior citizens

                Transportation: bus, taxi, cab, subway, tube, coach, parking problems

                Agenda: dates, timetable

                Focus/theme: music/live music, art, ballet, clothes, drama, food, business, demonstration, comics, flower arrangement, biscuits

                Celebration: parade, dance, chorus, music band

                Catering: café, restaurant, pub, cafeteria, canteen, refectory, dining room, refreshments, snacks, takeout, takeaway, set lunch, barbecue

                Security: security entrance, security office, security personnel/staff, fire exit, lockers, Check ID, video surveillance, cameras, crowded, children easily get lost

                二、 雅思听力场景词汇 environment (section 2/4)

                这类单词肯定是大家感觉到比较专业和难于掌握的,并不是需要学员们全部记忆下来,但起码要做到对发音和中文意思比较敏感,这样才会对全文的听力内容有一个较好的把握。否则就好像是听到了科普类文章一样,茫然不知所措,进而导致完全放弃。

                atmosphere: Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Carbon dioxide, Carbon monoxide, Ozone, sulphur monoxide

                pollution: air pollution, acid rain, contaminated water, pollutant, contaminant, chemicals, toxic waste

                Geographical: soil erosion, desertification, drought, floods, overfishing, over-felling, deforestation

                energy: fossil fuels, coal, gas, petroleum, solar, tide, wind power, nuclear, marsh gas, methane, biogas

                recycling: plastic, paper, glass, bottle tops, ink cartridges, spare parts/components

                conservation ?;?,保存

                acid 酸, 酸的

                carbon 碳

                petroleum 石油

                ozone 臭氧

                ooze 渗出, 渗出物

                radiation 辐射

                greenhouse 温室

                solar 太阳的

                phenomenon 现象

                deterioration 恶化

                extinction 灭绝

                drought 干旱

                recurrent 反复发生的

                inundate 淹没

                embankment 筑堤

                sediment 沉积(物)

                delta 三角洲

                alluvial 冲积的

                dust-storm 沙尘暴

                barren 贫瘠的,不育的,无效的

                attributable 归因于

                deforestation 滥砍滥伐(森林)

                log 原木,日志 伐木

                vegetation 植物,植被

                habitat 栖息地

                ecosystem 生态系统

                demographic 人口统计的

                counterbalance 使平衡,弥补

                mechanism 机理,机制

                precipitation 陡降,降水

                circulation 流通,循环

                meteorology 气象(学)

                volcano 火山

                eruption 喷发

                granite 花岗岩

                Celsius 摄氏的

                Fahrenheit 华氏的

                latitude 纬度

                glacier 冰川

                dump 倾倒,倾销

                contaminate 弄脏

                recycle 回收再利用

                irreversible 不可逆的

                reclaim 开垦,改造

                contentious 有争议的

                prioritize 优先考虑

                三、 雅思听力场景词汇 repair (section 1)

                这个场景主要是购物或者租房子后发现有一些这样那样的问题,物体的型号、主要的问题、需要什么时间来修理、有没有质保、替换还是退款等都会是很重要的考点。雅思听力还是非常实用的,能让我们提前预习到在国外会碰到的场景,帮我们了解外国人处理一些事情的流程和规则。

                What to repair: fridge, refrigerator, washing machine, CD player, electric light, clock, bungalow, cooker, rice cooker, printer (shelf)

                Model type/number

                Main problem: leaking, door broken, flashing, hands broken, noisy, fan broken, steam escaping

                When to repair: immediately, straight away, right now, urgent

                Next week, weekdays, weekends, in a couple of weeks

                Mornings, afternoons (am pm)

                Quality warranty: expiry date, quality guaranteed for two years

                Compensation: refund, replacement

                Payment: cash, cheque, credit card, bank transfer

                四、 雅思听力场景词汇 diet and health (section 4)

                饮食和健康不但是现在人们越来越关心的问题,也会是雅思听力考试中永恒不变的主题。在Section 4 中经常出现关于健康饮食和生活方式的探讨。与此同时,听力中关于一些疾病的原因和治疗也都跟此有着密切的联系。我想Heart disease, chronic illness, diabetes, obesity,high blood pressure等疾病大家已经并不陌生了。

                Food intake/elements: protein, vitamins, fat, carbohydrates, fat acid, calcium, cholesterol, minerals, calorie, kilocalorie

                diet: cereals, sugar, salt, lean meat, eggs, fish, milk, vegetables, fruit, red meat, white meat

                cereals: wheat, corn, barley, oat, maize, rice

                health: low nutrition, malnutrition, overweight, obese, underweight, intelligence, eyesight, brain, learning difficulty, digestion, congestion, heart disease, tuberculosis

                Physical exercises: running, jogging, swimming

                五、雅思听力场景词汇 medicine (section 1 )

                这个场景每年都会进行几次考查,重点要明确各种关于医生、治疗、疾病、药物、手术、医院的英文表达方式,以及弄清楚西方国家的医疗体系和看病流程。比如说family doctor这个概念在中国几乎是不存在的,但是在西方的社区里非常普遍。如何注册一个家庭医生,他们看病如何收费等都是我们应该去了解的。在国外某些地区,如果没有注册家庭医生,很可能出现一些急症没有医生来看的情况。

                doctors: physician, surgeon, dentist, veterinarian, pediatrician, therapist, general practitioner

                treatments: cure, remedy, therapy, acupuncture,

                diseases: headache, toothache, backache (back pain), stomachache, heart disease, pneumonia, tuberculosis, diabetes, insomnia, asthma, employment medical, sprain, sports injury, sprained knee

                medicine: antibiotics, penicillin, aspirin, sleeping pills (tablets), painkillers, dose, underdose, overdose, ice pack, walking sticks

                surgery: operation

                hospital: clinics, ward, maternity, emergency, surgery, practice

                六、 雅思听力场景词汇 library (section 1/4)

                图书馆是雅思听力中经久不衰的场景之一,对于这个场景,朗阁海外考试研究中心建议大家应该把握住图书馆的基本布局和功能、完整的借阅流程、以及图书馆所藏的素材。除了上课以外,图书馆应该是学生待的时间最长的地方了。国外的书籍价格还是比较高的,尤其是一些专业书籍,所以图书馆比较受欢迎也就理所应当了。

                registration: information desk, information sector, librarian desk

                registration fee, membership fee

                ID documents: passport, visa, student card, library card, driver’s license, credit card, bank statement, phone bill, Identity card, C.V. letter

                Library card, borrower’s card, reader’s card, electronic card, PIN, password

                Books: fiction, reference books, technical books, leisure books, notion, academic

                Periodicals: magazines, journals Current issues, back issues

                Technical Resources: photocopying machine, photocopier, color, white and black photocopier, printer, laser printer, card, coin, internet access, computers, laptops

                Electronic, digital: CD, DVD, VCD, videos, tapes, cassettes, CD-ROM

                Recall system: catalogue (title, author, press, category) , call slip, librarian

                Circulation: borrow, loan, return, renew, overdue, fine, reserve

                Loan time: weeks, months (up to 4 weeks, maximum loan time)

                Training classes: research methods, IT, computer software, dissertation writing

                七、 雅思听力场景词汇job hunting (section 1/2)

                边上学边打工是绝大多数学生的普遍生活方式,一方面可以贴补生活费用,另一方面可以增加社会经验和扩大朋友圈。如果有机会进入一些大公司当实习生的话必将对未来的工作有很大的帮助。以下是雅思找工作场景中经??疾榈南附诘?,大家要注意哦!

                Type of work: vacation jobs, office work, bar attendant, waiter, waitress, zoo attendant, childcare, library assistant, restaurant work, shop assistant, sales assistant, domestic work, reporter, carpenter, freelance, part-time job, full-time job, temporary job

                Main roles: receptionist, shop assistant, looking after animals (kangaroo), educate visitors, save wounded/injured animals, maintain website, selling garden tools/carpets, handle customer complaint

                Advantages and disadvantages: pay, working hours, workload, flexible, equipment, transportation

                Working hours: am pm weekdays (during the week), weekends,bank holidays, public holidays, New year, Christmas

                Pay rate: pound/dollar per hour, starting salary, wage

                Clothes: formal clothes, suit, informal clothes, casual clothes shirt, trousers, tie, bow tie, uniform

                Transportation: bus, train, subway, tube, metro, taxi, cab

                Magazine reporters: housing magazine, entertainment magazine, sports magazine, economy magazine, IT magazine

                八、 雅思听力场景词汇 shopping

                在剑桥雅思中有出现过对比几家商店或者品牌的产品的优缺点,进而得出一个综合评价并给出买或不买的最终建议的听力场景。对于追逐时尚,喜欢购物的年轻一代而言,如果在购物上失分就比较不给力了,fighting!

                Price: discount, concession, promotion, sales, half price, normal price, 30% off

                Packaging: economy package, family package, container, image, presentation of products

                Where to buy: supermarket, market, shop, store, department store, chain store, online shopping

                Receipt: invoice, quality warranty, receipt

                Supermarket: entrance (profitable), middle shelf (expensive), end of aisles (hard to move), quieter places ( need time to think about)

                九、雅思听力场景词汇Accommodation

                住宿问题,恐怕是各位学生出国后考虑的第一个问题了。雅思听力考试既然强调场景的真实性,考题就免不了经常涉及本场景。本场景涉及的内容广泛,不但涉及租房,学校住宿问题,还可能包括房屋保险,搬家,房屋设备报修等等延伸内容。对词汇的把握,借助场景的贯穿,才能形成系统性,然后在考到本场景的时候,不但可以胸有成竹,还可以准确预测答案信息呢!将本场景的词汇细分为:

                1. People Involved 相关人士:外语教育#网www.for68.com

                租房的时候,难免涉及些牵线人,如:“house agency房产代理公司,house agent 房产代理人”;这些牵线人必然要联系“landlord 房东(landlady 女房东)”;最后跟我们这些“tenant=lodger=renter=roomer(美式)房客”谈论细节。

                2. Type of Accommodation租房类型

                住宿类型依各人经济及喜好而定,有住在学校“halls of residence 集体宿舍 或student hostel 学生公寓或dormitory 宿舍”的;还有自己去外面租房子的:有经济能力并想快速提高英语的去“homestay 在当地居民家中住宿”;也可以租幢“house房子”来住,里面有“garden 花园,courtyard 院子,garage 车库,swimming pool游泳池,fountain 喷泉,balcony 阳台,en-suite facilities 全套设施”(注意en suite的读音,来自法语,读法特殊)等等;还可以租套“flat=apartment公寓”或者“studio apartment 单身公寓”或者“bedsit 卧室兼起居室”来住;囊中羞涩点的租“single room 单人间,double room=twin room 双人间,triple room 三人间”也就凑合吧。

                3. Location房屋地理位置

                房屋位置是我们租房子一定得考虑的问题,这将决定我们上学或工作的方便与否。那么,有的人喜欢风水论或者有看风景的偏好,就会要求位置在“east 东面,west 西面,south 南面,north 北面,southeast 东南,southwest 西南,northeast东北,northwest 西北”为上;喜欢价钱便宜点,空气好的,最好住在“suburb=outskirts 郊区,countryside 郊外”;喜欢热闹,出行方便点的最好选择“city centre=downtown 市中心,urban area 市区”。

                4. Surrounding Facilities周边设施

                交通和周围的环境也是决定租房意向的重要因素之一。关于这些,我们得掌握:

                Transportation交通设施:tube=underground=subway=metro 地铁,bus巴士,minibus 小巴,medium-sized bus=midibus 中巴,coach 大巴、客车,taxi=cab 的士(taxi rank的士车站),tram 电车,pullman 卧铺车,caravan 大篷车,ferry 轮渡,express train 快速列车,shuttle bus 班车,commuter train 通勤车,train 火车,plane 飞机,four-wheel drive 四轮驱动,automobile(注意发音)=car 汽车

                Public Facilities公共设施:parking lots停车场,clinic 医务室,toilet=washroom=lavatory 厕所,police station派出所,First Aid Center 急救中心,telephone box=telephone booth公用电话亭,card phone 磁卡电话机,restaurant=dining hall=refectory 餐厅,café 咖啡厅,dustbin=trash can 垃圾箱,bar=pub 酒吧,snack bar=fast food 快餐厅,Western Restaurant 西餐厅,Chinese Restaurant 中餐厅,gym=keep-fit studio=stadium 健身房,smoking area 吸烟区,lawn 草坪,quiet neighborhood 安静环境

               

              雅思-新航道雅思,雅思高分学员的摇篮

               

                5. Interior Structure & Facilities房屋内部结构和附加装置

                租房时,难免谈论到房屋的结构,不怕一万就怕万一,所以大家还是乖乖背吧!

                detached house 独立式房屋,semi-detached house 半独立式房屋,cottage 平房,kitchen厨房,living room=sitting room起居室,bathroom 浴室,bedroom 卧室,balcony 阳台,toilet=washroom=lavatory 厕所,laundry room 洗衣房,corridor=porch 走廊,roof 屋顶,ceiling 天花板,window 窗户,shutter 百叶窗,curtain 窗帘,door 门,storehouse 储藏室,basement 地下室, fire escape 安全出口

                6. furniture & facilities 房屋设备

                这可太重要了,决定所租房屋的性价比啊,也是日常生活中我们经常讨论的话题了。没办法,啃吧。

                Electronic Appliances 家电:refrigerator=fridge 冰箱,washing machine 洗衣机,dishwasher 洗碗机,water heater 热水器,microwave oven 微波炉,stereo system 音响,radiator 电暖炉,(central)heating system (中央)暖气装置,toaster 烤面包机,dryer 干燥机,(central)air conditioner=(central)air conditioning (中央)空调,electric fan 电风扇,ceiling fan 吊扇,TV 电视,telephone 电话,PC=personal computer 个人电脑

                Kitchen Facilities 厨房用品:gas cooker 煤气灶,electric cooker 电磁炉,coffee maker 咖啡机,ventilation 通风装置,kitchen ventilator 抽油烟机,exhaust fan 排气扇,detergent 清洁剂,tap 水笼头,sink 污水槽

                Bathroom Facilities 浴室用具:towel 毛巾,sponge 洗澡用的海绵,shampoo 香波,soap 香皂,lotion 洗发液,cream 面霜,shaver 剔须刀,shower 淋浴,tub 浴缸,toilet 马桶,mirror 镜子,mop 拖把,broom 扫帚,dustbin=trash can 垃圾桶

                Bedroom Facilities 卧室设备:single bed 单人床,double bed 双人床,king-size bed特大号床,queen-size bed 大号床,bed-linen 被单和枕套,blanket 毯子,sheet 床单,mattress 床垫,quilt 棉被,pillow 枕头,wardrobe 衣橱,dresser 梳妆台

                Sitting Room Facilities客厅设施:sofa 沙发,couch 长沙发,coffee table 咖啡桌,carpet 地毯,armchair 扶手椅子,ashtray 烟灰缸,dustbin=trash can 垃圾桶

                7. Special Requirements特殊住房要求

                no other guests=to be the only guest 唯一租客,no red meat 不吃牛羊肉(印度),no pork 不吃猪肉(穆斯林),vegetarian 素食主义者,carnivore 食肉主义,no pets 不带宠物,no smoking 不准抽烟,no parties 不准举办派对,food allergies 食物过敏

                8. Rent and Deposit租金和押金

                rent=rental price 租金,deposit 押金,maximum rent最高租金,minimum rent 最低租金,one month‘s rent 一个月的租金,bills 账单,water bill 水费,gas bill 煤气费,electric bill 电费,phone bill 电话费,expensive 昂贵的,reasonable price=cheap 价格合理

                以上就是新航道雅思培训为大家整理的雅思听力场景词汇,希望对大家有所帮助。

              相关阅读:

              雅思听力真题词汇

              雅思听力核心词汇

              雅思听力高频词汇      

              雅思听力常用词汇    

              雅思听力807词汇      

              雅思听力评分标准

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